As more people in the United States turn to security cameras for their surveillance needs, the impact of these devices is being studied by various safety offices. CCTV cameras are among the most popular camera variety, and have been found to offer unique benefits to users across the country.
In 2005, Home Office Research published a study entitled “Assessing the impact of CCTV” that provided much-needed insight into this facet of the security industry. Home Office works to maintain and create a safe society that maintains the importance of individual, family and community rights while upholding public security and protection. As such, researchers were able to evaluate CCTV cameras’ impact on crime while seeking to unlock and understand the full potential of these systems. They found major characteristics that influence whether or not a CCTV system will be able to meet its objectives.
Density, camera coverage and positioning – The number of cameras used in a given area can affect its ability to reduce crime. Additionally, users should consider how the camera positioning will influence coverage and the nature of the area being monitored before installing the CCTV cameras.
Technical characteristics – There are many technical factors at play in any security system. These include the type of camera being used, the way it is mounted and its ability to offer a live monitoring feed and high quality retrospective evidence. Many CCTV systems use static, pan, or tilt and zoom cameras, which can be installed either in a box or dome mount.
Management – To get the full benefits of a CCTV system, users must develop a management scheme with an individual who understands the technical and engagement issues that the system may create. If end-users – like the authorities, in many cases – fail to engage with the system, the surveillance will not be effective.
Control room operation – Control room monitors use communication with the public to know where to best direct their surveillance. Many business and law enforcement users staff the control room for 24 hours a day, and utilize one- or two-way police monitors to alert the authorities to detected crimes and incidents. This communication allows operators to dispatch police to the scene as soon as possible, giving them a greater chance at catching the suspect red handed.