For any electrical systems that provide or record video footage, video encoders and decoders are often internally included. When it comes to security camera systems, they both are also a part of the same processes that help process video data for your personal viewing. However, they are often parts of a greater system and that tends to mean most people have little knowledge about either.  

 
When to use Encoders and Decoders in Surveillance

When to use Encoders and Decoders in Surveillance

For any electrical systems that provide or record video footage, video encoders and decoders are often internally included. When it comes to security camera systems, they both are also a part of the same processes that help process video data for your personal viewing. However, they are often parts of a greater system and that tends to mean most people have little knowledge about either.  

For that reason, A1 Security Cameras has provided below information surrounding both and when to use them. As will be shown, when you are looking for ways to upgrade your old security camera system with a new security camera, these parts are one of the methods to do exactly that.

What are encoders and decoders in CCTV?

When in relation to security camera systems, encoders and decoders are often their own individual parts that allow for the adapting of video footage in a greater system. Most often, these devices are perfect for allowing one generation of surveillance devices to be used with another.

In this regard, encoders allow for prior generation analog cameras to integrate with modern generation recorders like an NVR. Specifically, this device converts analog into digital so that the camera can effectively transmit video footage to the recorder. Similarly, decoders do the same except they transform digital data to analog for a given DVR.

For those interested in upgrading their surveillance or are interested in an older camera yet have a modern security camera system, these devices will likely be your best friend. For example, someone wanting to buy an NVR to replace their DVR might consider encoders for their current cameras so they do not need to replace everything at once and can go at their own pace for upgrading the entire system. Likewise, if you’re wanting to add an IP camera to your surveillance, but only have a DVR then decoders will be an excellent option for you.

What is encoding and decoding video?

What is encoding and decoding video?

Technically speaking, there is a reason why encoders and decoders have their names. Encoding video footage conforms the data to a digital format that is used by the vast majority of technology with an interface. The process is conducted to both make video possible digitally and to be easy for storage in a hard drive or other storage hardware. Concerning security camera systems, the same meaning applies. As stated above, encoders simply convert analog into a format that digitally-based devices can use.

Decoding serves the opposite purpose, preparing and expanding video data so it can be displayed on a screen or monitor. While decoders do serve the purpose of integrating IP cameras into a digital video recorder-based system, they also allow older monitors to show video footage.

What video format do security cameras use?

There are one of three video formats used for modern security camera systems today, they are:
 

  • H264
  • H265
  • H266
     

Security camera systems most often use H264 and H265 video format with much older systems using older formats, but such occasions are becoming rare. When using A1 Security Cameras’s DVR and NVR Storage Calculator, you can decide between either one. Devices that use H264 are most often less expensive, but take more space compared to H265. Comparatively, H265 takes up more room but is more expensive. H266 is the newest format that was recently developed in 2017 but is not available on the market yet in surveillance products.

What is a network video decoder?

What is a network video decoder?

For homeowners or small business owners looking for only one to three camera ip camera systems, the network video decoder is the perfect solution. This device makes direct connection viewing between an IP camera and monitor possible. Those looking for a surveillance system without a recorder should absolutely consider this part.

Using encoders and decoders vs using a hybrid video recorder

Encoders and decoders are excellent products when considering upgrades to a given security camera system. However, a hybrid video recorder provides similar support on a much broader scale. Encoders and decoders apply to cameras individually, why the HVR allows an old analog security camera system owner to switch from the prior generation of surveillance to the most modern at their personal pace.

Feb 23rd 2022 Wayne Hahne

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